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Engage authentically with fans and followers, listen and learn about your favorite creators, influential people and activists on their live Spaces. From tweeting to talking, Join, listen, and speak in live audio conversations. Every voice can impact the world. Follow your interests. Trending Topics Get ready for a new kind of media. Search hashtags and trending topics to stay in the know. Follow the tweets of your favorite influencers and crime podcast hosts, alongside hundreds of interesting Twitter users, and read their content at a glance.

Share your opinion Engage your social network with noteworthy links, photos and videos. DM your friends or reply in a thread. Whether you chat privately or go viral, your voice makes a difference.

Get noticed. Twitter allows you to find interesting people or build a following of people who are interested in you. Beyond chatting with friends, Twitter allows influencers to build a personal connection with their fans. Speak directly to the people who influence you - you may be surprised by how many answer back.

Join a community Go beyond just the people you know; use social media to expand your social network. Find like-minded friends or explore interests you never knew you had. Get informed on the topics that matter to you, whether your interests are mainstream or niche. Find your voice on social media - download the Twitter app for Android today! Safety starts with understanding how developers collect and share your data. Data privacy and security practices may vary based on your use, region, and age.

The developer provided this information and may update it over time. No data shared with third parties Learn more about how developers declare sharing. This app may collect these data types Location, Personal info and 9 others. It had , tweets posted per quarter in This grew to million tweets posted per quarter in In February , Twitter users were sending 50 million tweets per day.

Twitter's usage spikes during prominent events. For example, a record was set during the FIFA World Cup when fans wrote 2, tweets per second in the thirty-second period after Japan scored against Cameroon on June 14, The record was broken again when 3, tweets per second were posted after the Los Angeles Lakers ' victory in the NBA Finals on June 17, , [47] and then again at the close of Japan's victory over Denmark in the World Cup when users published 3, tweets per second.

Creamer on January 22, Twitter acquired application developer Atebits on April 11, The application, became the official Twitter client for the iPhone, iPad and Mac.

From September through October , the company began rolling out "New Twitter", an entirely revamped edition of twitter. Changes included the ability to see pictures and videos without leaving Twitter itself by clicking on individual tweets which contain links to images and clips from a variety of supported websites, including YouTube and Flickr , and a complete overhaul of the interface, which shifted links such as ' mentions' and 'Retweets' above the Twitter stream, while 'Messages' and 'Log Out' became accessible via a black bar at the very top of twitter.

As of November 1, , the company confirmed that the "New Twitter experience" had been rolled out to all users. In , Twitter was announced to be the 10th most downloaded mobile app of the decade, from to On April 5, , Twitter tested a new homepage and phased out the "Old Twitter". In addition to the Home tab, the Connect and Discover tabs were introduced along with a redesigned profile and timeline of Tweets. The site's layout has been compared to that of Facebook. Yandex, a Russian search engine, finds value within the partnership due to Twitter's real time news feeds.

Twitter's director of business development explained that it is important to have Twitter content where Twitter users go. On June 5, , a modified logo was unveiled through the company blog, removing the text to showcase the slightly redesigned bird as the sole symbol of Twitter. On January 28, , Twitter acquired Crashlytics in order to build out its mobile developer products. She approved, and as she told Ad Age in , "literally the world [had] changed when I woke up the next morning.

In April , Twitter underwent a redesign that made the site resemble Facebook somewhat, with profile picture and biography in a column left to the timeline, and a full-width header image with parallax scrolling effect. In April , the Twitter. Since May , tweet replies deemed by an algorithm to be detractive from conversation are initially hidden, and only loaded through actuating a "Show more replies" element at the bottom. In , Twitter released another redesign of its user interface [81] and ended support for TLS 1.

President Donald Trump as "potentially misleading" and linked to a fact-check. On June 5, , the Nigerian government issued an indefinite ban on Twitter usage in the country, citing "misinformation and fake news spread through it have had real world violent consequences", [92] after the platform removed tweets made by the Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari.

In , Twitter began the research phase of Bluesky , an open source decentralized social media protocol where users can choose which algorithmic curation they want. In June , Twitter announced a partnership with e-commerce giant Shopify , and its plans to launch a sales channel app for U.

Shopify merchants. Business magnate Elon Musk began speaking of buying Twitter, Inc. In the long-run, Musk expressed an intention to turn Twitter into an "everything app" like WeChat. Initially, Musk sought a position on the Twitter, Inc. Board of Directors by buying shares of the company, but the Board created a " poison pill " to prevent Musk from gaining sufficient shares.

Subsequently, Musk made an unsolicited offer to buy Twitter, Inc. This plan was criticized by several outlets, fearing that the potential for misinformation would increase since anyone could pay to appear to be verified through Twitter Blue. Musk opted to delay the changes to blue checkmarks until after the midterm elections in the U.

Musk undid the prior ban on Donald Trump on November 19, , following a poll Musk posted in favor of lifting the ban. During December , Musk provided internal documentation to a number of independent journalists and writers which were then publicly disseminated through a series of posts known as the " Twitter Files ". The files describe internal discussion as related to Twitter's moderation steps in events such as the breaking of the Hunter Biden laptop story, shadow banning of some conservative commentators' accounts, and the decision to block Trump.

While some on the right saw the documents as evidence of Twitter's liberal bias and hostility to free speech, many people on the left described them as a reflection of how difficult it is for social media platforms to make tough decisions about content moderation.

The Twitter accounts of a number of journalists were permanently suspended on December 15, Several of the reporters had recently tweeted about the controversy over Musk's banning of ElonJet and other accounts which track private jets.

Nor did I share any links to ElonJet or other location tracking accounts. Jourova stated "Elon Musk should be aware of that. There are red lines. And sanctions, soon. On December 18, Twitter announced that it was banning users linking to what were referred to as "prohibited platforms" including Facebook , Mastodon, Instagram and Truth Social , as well as third party link aggregators such as Linktree.

My apologies. Won't happen again" although it is unclear if the earlier policy will be reversed. He also tweeted a poll asking users if he should remain as head of Twitter promising to abide by its results, [] [] in which On December 20, , Musk announced he would step down as CEO once a replacement had been found, and that he would then run the software and servers teams.

Since the acqusition, Twitter's stability has been called into question, with reports that Elon had "disconnected one of the more sensitive server racks" in a datacenter used by Twitter, just before a large-scale outage of the platform occurred in December On August 23, , the contents of a whistleblower complaint by former information security head Peiter Zatko to the United States Congress were published.

Zatko had been fired by Twitter in January The complaint alleges that Twitter failed to disclose several data breaches, had negligent security measures, violated United States securities regulations , and broke the terms of a previous settlement with the Federal Trade Commission over the safeguarding of user data.

The report also claims that the Indian government forced Twitter to hire one of its agents to gain direct access to user data. Tweets are publicly visible by default, but senders can restrict message delivery to only their followers.

Users can mute users they do not wish to interact with, block accounts from viewing their tweets, and remove accounts from their followers list. In , Twitter launched "quote tweet" originally called "retweet with comment" , [] a feature that allows users to add a comment to their retweet, nesting one tweet in the other. The counters for "likes", "retweets", and replies appear next to the respective buttons in timelines such as on profile pages and search results. Counters for likes and retweets exist on a tweet's standalone page too.

Since September , quote tweets, formerly known as "retweet with comment", have their own counter on their tweet page. Twitter allows users to update their profile via their mobile phone either by text messaging or by apps released for certain smartphones and tablets. As a social network, Twitter revolves around the principle of followers.

When you choose to follow another Twitter user, that user's tweets appear in reverse chronological order on your main Twitter page. If you follow 20 people, you'll see a mix of tweets scrolling down the page: breakfast-cereal updates, interesting new links, music recommendations, even musings on the future of education. Twitter announced in a tweet on September 1, , that the ability to edit a tweet was being tested for a few users. The company said the feature was being tested first to determine whether it could be abused.

Editing would be allowed for 30 minutes, and previous versions of an edited post would be available. Eventually, all Twitter Blue subscribers would be able to use the feature. Users can group posts together by topic or type by use of hashtags — words or phrases prefixed with a " " sign. Similarly, the " " sign followed by a username is used for mentioning or replying to other users.

In , in anticipation for the FIFA World Cup , Twitter introduced hashflags, special hashtags that automatically generate a custom emoji next to them for a certain period of time, following the success of a similar campaign during the World Cup.

To repost a message from another Twitter user and share it with one's own followers, a user can click the retweet button within the Tweet. Users can reply to other accounts' replies. Since November , users can hide replies to their messages. Since May , users can select who can reply to each of their tweets before sending them: anyone, accounts who follow the poster, specific accounts, and none. This ability was upgraded in July to make the feature retroactively applicable to tweets after they have been sent out.

There is also a short code in the United Kingdom which is only accessible to those on the Vodafone , O2 [] and Orange [] networks. In India, since Twitter only supports tweets from Bharti Airtel , [] an alternative platform called smsTweet [] was set up by a user to work on all networks.

The tweets were set to a largely constrictive character limit for compatibility with SMS messaging, introducing the shorthand notation and slang commonly used in SMS messages. The character limit also increased the usage of URL shortening services such as bit. Since June , Twitter has used its own t. In April , Twitter discontinued the ability to receive SMS messages containing the text of new tweets in most countries. In , Twitter announced that media such as photos, videos, and the person's handle, would not count against the already constrictive character limit.

A user photo post used to count for a large chunk of a Tweet, about 24 characters. Since March 30, , the Twitter handles are outside the tweet itself, therefore they no longer count towards the character limit.

In , Twitter doubled its historical character-limitation to Having used the services of third parties TinyURL and bit. On June 1, , Twitter announced its own integrated photo-sharing service that enables users to upload a photo and attach it to a Tweet right from Twitter. On March 29, , Twitter introduced the ability to add a caption of up to characters to each image attached to a tweet, [] [] accessible via screen reading software or by hovering the mouse above a picture inside TweetDeck.

In April , Twitter made the ability to add and view captions globally available. Descriptions can be added to any uploaded image with a limit of characters.

Images that have a description will feature a badge that says ALT in the bottom left corner, which will bring up the description when clicked. In , Twitter began to roll out the ability to attach poll questions to tweets. Polls are open for up to 7 days, and voters are not personally identified. Later, [ when? In , Twitter began to place a larger focus on live streaming video programming, hosting various events including streams of the Republican and Democratic conventions during the U.

During an event in New York in May , Twitter announced that it planned to construct a hour streaming video channel hosted within the service, featuring content from various partners. Twitter Spaces is a social audio feature that enables users to host or participate in a live-audio virtual environment called space for conversation.

Spaces can accommodate an unlimited number of listeners. A maximum of 13 people 1 host, 2 co-hosts and 10 speakers are allowed onstage. The feature was initially limited to users with at least followers. Spaces was temporarily disabled on December 16, after it was discovered that suspended users could still participate in them. In March , Twitter began to test a stories feature known as "fleets" in some markets, [] [] which officially launched on November 17, In June , Twitter announced it would start implementing advertising into fleets, integrating full-screen ads among user-created content.

Twitter had intended for fleets to encourage more users to tweet regularly, rather than simply consume other folks' tweets, but instead fleets were generally used by users who already tweeted a lot. The company stated that their spot at the top of the screen would now be occupied by currently active Spaces from the user's feed.

A word, phrase, or topic that is mentioned at a greater rate than others is said to be a "trending topic". Trending topics become popular either through a concerted effort by users or because of an event that prompts people to talk about a specific topic. Trending topics are sometimes the result of concerted efforts and manipulations by fans of certain celebrities or cultural phenomena, particularly musicians like Lady Gaga , Justin Bieber , Rihanna and One Direction , and novel series Twilight and Harry Potter.

Twitter has altered the trend algorithm in the past to prevent manipulation of this type with limited success. Twitter censored the Thatsafrican [] and thingsdarkiessay hashtags after users complained that they found the hashtags offensive. In late , the "Twitter Lists" feature was added, making it possible for users to follow ad hoc lists of users instead of individual users. In October , Twitter introduced "Moments"—a feature that allows users to curate tweets from other users into a larger collection.

Twitter initially intended the feature to be used by its in-house editorial team and other partners; they populated a dedicated tab in Twitter's apps, chronicling news headlines, sporting events, and other content. An October 21, , report based on a "long-running, massive-scale randomized experiment" that analyzed "millions of tweets sent between 1 April and 15 August ", found that Twitter's machine learning algorithm amplified right-leaning politics on personalized user Home timelines.

Twitter has mobile apps for iPhone , iPad , and Android. There are numerous tools for adding content, monitoring content and conversations including Twitter's own TweetDeck , Salesforce. As of [update] , fewer than half of tweets posted were posted using the web user interface with most users using third-party applications based on an analysis of million tweets by Sysomos.

On June 3, , Twitter announced a paid subscription service known as Twitter Blue, which provides additional premium features to the service, [] [] which currently include:. In November , Musk announced plans to add account verification and the ability to upload longer audio and video to Twitter Blue.

A previous perk offering advertising-free news articles from participating publishers was dropped, but Musk stated that Twitter did want to work with publishers on a similar " paywall bypass" perk. In June , the company opened applications for its premium subscription options called Super Follows. The feature allows users to send monetary tips to certain accounts, providing a financial incentive for content creators on the platform.

The Tip Jar is optional and users can choose whether or not to enable tips for their account. The feature will be available for iOS users. Twitter will integrate the Strike bitcoin lightning wallet service. It was noted that at this current time, Twitter will not take a cut of any money sent through the tips feature. Eligible users of Ticketed Spaces and Super Follows will be able to receive their earnings in the form of USD coin, a stablecoin whose value is that of the U.

Users can also hold their earnings in crypto wallets, and then exchange them into other cryptocurrencies. From to , Twitter offered a "Buy button" feature, allowing tweets to embed products that could be purchased from within the service. Users could also add their billing and shipping information directly to their accounts. The buy button's platform partners at launch included Stripe, Gumroad , Musictoday , and The Fancy , [].

In July , Twitter began testing a "Shop module" for iOS users in the United States, allowing accounts associated with brands to display a carousel of cards on their profiles showcasing products. Unlike the Buy button, where order fulfillment was handed from within Twitter, these cards are external links to online storefronts from which the products may be purchased. In November , Twitter introduced support for "shoppable" live streams, in which brands can hold streaming events that similarly display banners and pages highlighting products that are featured in the presentation.

Daily user estimates vary as the company does not publish statistics on active accounts. A February Compete. In , Twitter was mainly used by older adults who might not have used other social sites before Twitter, said Jeremiah Owyang, an industry analyst studying social media. However, comScore also stated in that Twitter had begun to "filter more into the mainstream", and "along with it came a culture of celebrity as Shaq , Britney Spears and Ashton Kutcher joined the ranks of the Twitterati".

On September 7, , Twitter announced that it had million active users logging in at least once a month and 50 million active users every day. The majority of Twitter users skew to the American political left. In , the country with the most active users on Twitter was the United States.

A survey conducted by the Pew Foundation found that Twitter users are more likely than the general public to have both a college degree and higher income than the average U.

Users are also three times as likely to be younger than 50 years old, with the median age of adult U. San Antonio -based market-research firm Pear Analytics analyzed 2, tweets originating from the United States and in English over a two-week period in August from am to pm CST and separated them into six categories.

Despite Jack Dorsey's own open contention that a message on Twitter is "a short burst of inconsequential information", social networking researcher danah boyd responded to the Pear Analytics survey by arguing that what the Pear researchers labeled "pointless babble" is better characterized as " social grooming " or "peripheral awareness" which she justifies as persons "want[ing] to know what the people around them are thinking and doing and feeling, even when co-presence isn't viable".

Many people stop using the service after a month; therefore the site may potentially reach only about ten percent of all Internet users. In , shareholders sued Twitter, alleging it "artificially inflated its stock price by misleading them about user engagement.

Twitter has become internationally identifiable by its signature bird logo, or the Twitter Bird. The original logo, which was simply the word Twitter , was in use from its launch in March It was accompanied by an image of a bird which was later discovered to be a piece of clip art created by the British graphic designer Simon Oxley.

Within a year, the Larry the Bird logo underwent a redesign by Stone and Pascuzzo to eliminate the cartoon features, leaving a solid silhouette of Larry the Bird that was used from through On April 13, , Twitter announced plans to offer paid advertising for companies that would be able to purchase "promoted tweets" to appear in selective search results on the Twitter website, similar to Google Adwords' advertising model.

In June , Twitter announced that it would offer small businesses a self-service advertising system. On August 3, , Twitter launched Instant Unlock Card, a new feature that encourages people to tweet about a brand in order to earn rewards and utilize the social media network's conversational ads. The format itself consists of images or videos with call-to-action buttons and a customizable hashtag. In October , Twitter banned the Russian media outlets RT and Sputnik from advertising on their website following the conclusions of the U.

In October , Twitter announced it would stop running political ads on its ad platform effective November This resulted from several spurious claims made by political ads. Company CEO Dorsey clarified that internet advertising had great power and was extremely effective for commercial advertisers, the power brings significant risks to politics where crucial decisions impact millions of lives. In April , Twitter announced a ban on "misleading" advertisements that go against "the scientific consensus on climate change".

While the company did not give full guidelines, it stated that the decisions would be made with the help of "authoritative sources", including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Twitter relies on open-source software. In the early days of Twitter, tweets were stored in MySQL databases that were temporally sharded large databases were split based on time of posting.

After the huge volume of tweets coming in caused problems reading from and writing to these databases, the company decided that the system needed re-engineering. From Spring to , the messages were handled by a Ruby persistent queue server called Starling.

This boost was greater than the 10x improvement that Twitter's engineers envisioned when starting the switch. The continued development of Twitter has also involved a switch from monolithic development of a single app to an architecture where different services are built independently and joined through remote procedure calls. As of April 6, , Twitter engineers confirmed that they had switched away from their Ruby on Rails search stack to a Java server they call Blender.

Individual tweets are registered under unique IDs called snowflakes , and geolocation data is added using 'Rockdove'.

The URL shortener t. Next, the tweets are stored in a MySQL database using Gizzard , and the user receives an acknowledgement that the tweets were sent. Tweets are then sent to search engines via the Firehose API. The process is managed by FlockDB and takes an average of ms. On August 16, , Raffi Krikorian , Twitter's vice president of platform engineering, shared in a blog post that the company's infrastructure handled almost , tweets per second during that week, setting a new record.

Krikorian explained that Twitter achieved this record by blending its homegrown and open source technologies. Twitter is recognized for having one of the most open and powerful developer APIs of any major technology company. From until , Twitter's developer platform experienced strong growth and a highly favorable reputation. Between and , however, Twitter made a number of decisions that were received unfavorably by the developer community.

In July , Twitter released version 2. On April 17, , Twitter announced it would implement an "Innovators Patent Agreement" which would obligate Twitter to only use its patents for defensive purposes [ clarify ]. Twitter has a history of both using and releasing open-source software while overcoming technical challenges of their service.

Twitter introduced the first major redesign of its user interface in September , adopting a dual-pane layout with a navigation bar along the top of the screen, and an increased focus on the inline embedding of multimedia content.

Critics considered the redesign an attempt to emulate features and experiences found in mobile apps and third-party Twitter clients. The new layout was revised in with a focus on continuity with the web and mobile versions, introducing "Connect" interactions with other users such as replies and "Discover" further information regarding trending topics and news headlines tabs, an updated profile design, and moving all content to the right pane leaving the left pane dedicated to functions and the trending topics list.

In September , a new layout for profiles was introduced, with larger "covers" that could be customized with a custom header image, and a display of the user's recent photos posted. In September , Twitter began to migrate selected web users to its progressive web app based on its Twitter Lite experience for mobile web , reducing the interface to two columns. Migrations to this iteration of Twitter increased in April , with some users receiving it with a modified layout. In July , Twitter officially released this redesign, with no further option to opt-out while logged in.

It is designed to further-unify Twitter's user experience between the web and mobile application versions, adopting a three-column layout with a sidebar containing links to common areas including "Explore" that has been merged with the search page which previously appeared in a horizontal top bar, profile elements such as picture and header images and biography texts merged into the same column as the timeline, and features from the mobile version such as multi-account support, and an opt-out for the "top tweets" mode on the timeline.

This was the first time the FTC had taken action against a social network for security lapses. The settlement requires Twitter to take a number of steps to secure users' private information, including maintenance of a "comprehensive information security program" to be independently audited biannually. After a number of high-profile hacks of official accounts, including those of the Associated Press and The Guardian , [] in April , Twitter announced a two-factor login verification as an added measure against hacking.

On July 15, , a major hack of Twitter affected high-profile accounts, both verified and unverified ones such as Barack Obama , Bill Gates , and Elon Musk ; the hack allowed bitcoin scammers to send tweets via the compromised accounts that asked the followers to send bitcoin to a given public address, with the promise to double their money. On August 5, , Twitter disclosed that a bug introduced in a June update to the service allowed threat actors to link email addresses and phone numbers to twitter user's accounts.

While Twitter originally believed no one had taken advantage of the vulnerability, it was later revealed that a user on the online hacking forum Breached Forums had used the vulnerability to compile a list of over 5. During an outage, Twitter users were at one time shown the "fail whale" error message image created by Yiying Lu, [] illustrating eight orange birds using a net to hoist a whale from the ocean captioned "Too many tweets!

Please wait a moment and try again. Twitter had approximately ninety-eight percent uptime in or about six full days of downtime. On January 12, , several third-party Twitter apps Tweetbot, Echofon, and Twitterrific stopped working in various ways, leaving developers — and their many users — in the dark about the status of third-party app support.

In June , after being criticized by Kanye West and sued by Tony La Russa over unauthorized accounts run by impersonators , the company launched their "Verified Accounts" program. In November , Twitter announced a relaunch of its verification system in According to the new policy, Twitter verifies six different types of accounts; for three of them companies, brands, and influential individuals like activists , the existence of a Wikipedia page will be one criterion for showing that the account has "Off Twitter Notability".

In October , after the takeover of Twitter by Elon Musk, it was reported that verification would instead be included in the paid Twitter Blue service, and that existing verified accounts would lose their status if they do not subscribe. Tweets are public, but users can also send private "direct messages". The service also reserves the right to sell this information as an asset if the company changes hands.

Twitter launched the beta version of their "Verified Accounts" service on June 11, , allowing people with public profiles to announce their account name. The home pages of these accounts display a badge indicating their status.

On December 14, , the United States Department of Justice issued a subpoena directing Twitter to provide information for accounts registered to or associated with WikiLeaks. This followed gossip posted on Twitter about professional footballer Ryan Giggs 's private life. This led to the British privacy injunctions controversy and the "super-injunction".

Twitter acquired Dasient , a startup that offers malware protection for businesses, in January Twitter announced plans to use Dasient to help remove hateful advertisers on the website. Followed the sharing of images showing the killing of American journalist James Foley in , Twitter said that in certain cases it would delete pictures of people who had died after requests from family members and "authorized individuals".

In , following updated terms of service and privacy policy, Twitter users outside the United States were legally served by the Ireland-based Twitter International Company instead of Twitter, Inc. The change made these users subject to Irish and European Union data protection laws []. On April 8, , Twitter announced that users outside of the European Economic Area or United Kingdom thus subject to GDPR will no longer be allowed to opt out of sharing "mobile app advertising measurements" to Twitter third-party partners.

On October 9, , Twitter took additional steps to counter misleading campaigns ahead of the US Election. Twitter's new temporary update encouraged users to "add their own commentary" before retweeting a tweet, by making 'quoting tweet' a mandatory feature instead of optional.

The social network giant aimed at generating context and encouraging the circulation of more thoughtful content. Twitter was also required to notify its users and is banned from profiting off of 'deceptively collected data'. In August , Twitter announced plans to introduce a "report abuse" button for all versions of the site following uproar, including a petition with , signatures, over Tweets that included rape and death threats to historian Mary Beard , feminist campaigner Caroline Criado-Perez and the member of parliament Stella Creasy.

As per a research study conducted by IT for Change on abuse and misogynistic trolling on Twitter directed at Indian women in public-political life, women perceived to be ideologically left-leaning, dissenters, Muslim women, political dissenters, and political commentators and women from opposition parties received a disproportionate amount of abusive and hateful messages on Twitter. Twitter banned 7, accounts and limited , more that had ties to QAnon on July 21, The bans and limits came after QAnon-related accounts began harassing other users through practices of swarming or brigading, coordinated attacks on these individuals through multiple accounts in the weeks prior.

Those accounts limited by Twitter will not appear in searches nor be promoted in other Twitter functions. Twitter said they will continue to ban or limit accounts as necessary, with their support account stating "We will permanently suspend accounts Tweeting about these topics that we know are engaged in violations of our multi-account policy, coordinating abuse around individual victims, or are attempting to evade a previous suspension".

In September , Twitter began beta testing a feature called Safety Mode. If a user has Safety Mode enabled, authors of tweets that are identified by Twitter's technology as being harmful or exercising uninvited behavior will be temporarily unable to follow the account, send direct messages, or see tweets from the user with the enabled functionality during the temporary block period. In January , Twitter was sued by the widow of a U.

Twitter disputed the claim, stating that "violent threats and the promotion of terrorism deserve no place on Twitter and, like other social networks, our rules make that clear. Twitter suspended multiple parody accounts that satirized Russian politics in May , sparking protests and raising questions about where the company stands on freedom of speech. On May 10, , Twitter announced that they suspended , accounts for promoting terrorism in the July—December period, stating there was a steady decrease in terrorist groups trying to use the platform owing to its "zero-tolerance policy enforcement".

As of July 30, , Twitter will block URLs in tweets that point to external websites that contain malicious content such as malware and phishing content as well or hate speech, speech encouraging violence, terrorism, child sexual exploitation, breaches of privacy, and other similar content that is already banned as part of the content of tweets on the site.

Users that frequently point to such sites may have their accounts suspended. Twitter said this was to bring their policy in line to prevent users from bypassing their tweet content restrictions by simply linking to the banned content. Following the onset of protests by Donald Trump 's supporters across the US in January , Twitter suspended more than 70, accounts, stating that they shared "harmful QAnon -associated content" at a large scale, and were "dedicated to the propagation of this conspiracy theory across the service".

Between January and late July , Twitter had identified and shut down over 7, fake accounts created by Iranian influence operations.

In May , in response to scrutiny over the misuse of Twitter by those seeking to maliciously influence elections, Twitter announced that it would partner with the nonprofit organization Ballotpedia to add special labels verifying the authenticity of political candidates running for election in the U.

In December , Twitter removed 5, accounts for violating their manipulation policies. The company investigated and attributed these accounts to a single state-run information operation, which originated in Saudi Arabia. The accounts were reported to be a part of a larger group of 88, accounts engaged in spammy behavior.

However, Twitter did not disclose all of them as some could possibly be legitimate accounts taken over through hacking. In March , Twitter suspended around 3, fake accounts that were running a campaign to influence the American audience, after the US intelligence officials concluded that the assassination of The Washington Post journalist, Jamal Khashoggi was "approved" by the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

These Saudi accounts were working in two languages, English and Arabic, to influence public opinion around the issue. Twitter was unable to identify the source of the influence campaign. As of [update] , the top four countries spreading state-linked Twitter misinformation are Russia, China, Iran and Saudi Arabia. A Twitter bot is a computer program that can automatically tweet, retweet, and follow other accounts.

Twitter's open application programming interface and the availability of cloud servers make it possible for Twitter bots to exist within the social networking site. Twitter has been used for a variety of purposes in many industries and scenarios. For example, it has been used to organize protests, including the protests over the Moldovan election , the student protests in Austria , the Gaza—Israel conflict , the Iranian green revolution , the Toronto G20 protests , the Bolivarian Revolution , the Stuttgart21 protests in Germany , the Egyptian Revolution , England riots , the United States Occupy movement , the anti-austerity movement in Spain , the Aganaktismenoi movements in Greece , the demonstration in Rome , the Wisconsin labor protests , the Gaza—Israel conflict , the protests in Brazil , and the Gezi Park protests in Turkey.

The service is also used as a form of civil disobedience : In , users expressed outrage over the Twitter joke trial by copying a controversial joke about bombing an airport and attaching the hashtag IAmSpartacus, a reference to the film Spartacus and a sign of solidarity and support to a man controversially prosecuted after posting a tweet joking about bombing an airport if they canceled his flight.

IAmSpartacus became the number one trending topic on Twitter worldwide. During the Arab Spring in early , the number of hashtags mentioning the uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt increased. Posts on the service often contain far-right content, such as hate speech and conspiracy theories such as QAnon. During the —20 Hong Kong protests , Twitter suspended a core group of 1, "fake" accounts and an associated network of , accounts for operating a disinformation campaign that was linked to the Chinese government.

In their announcement, Twitter released two data sets detailing the core group's account activity. On June 12, , Twitter suspended over 7, accounts from Turkey because those accounts were fake profiles, designed to support the Turkish president and were managed by a central authority. Turkey's communication director said that the decision was illogical, biased and politically motivated.

In May , Twitter labeled one of the tweets by Sambit Patra , a spokesman of the local ruling party BJP in India, as "manipulated media", leading to Twitter's offices in Delhi and Gurgaon being raided by the local police. This was brought on by Twitter's failure to comply with the new IT rules introduced in with a filing stating that the company failed to appoint executives to govern user content on the platform. In September , a Dutch town sued Twitter for spreading a conspiracy theory that the town was once home to a ring of Satan-worshipping paedophiles.

False reports that Bodegraven-Reeuwijk was the place of the abuse and murder of children in the s were first circulated by three men in Twitter refers to pornography as "adult content" and permits it on the platform provided that it is marked "sensitive", and makes it visible to all after a click through. Twitter is one of the only mainstream sites that allows users to upload sexually explicit photos and videos, in the four years after Tumblr banned porn altogether, in response to the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act.

Many performers use Twitter's service to market and grow their porn businesses, attracting users to paywalled services like OnlyFans, by distributing photos and short video clips as advertisements. Eventually the project was abandoned, because of the difficulty of implementing Real ID. Until February , the only way for users to flag illegal content was to flag it as "sensitive media" — a broad category that left much of the worst material not prioritized for moderation.

In a February report, employees wrote that Twitter along with other Tech Companies have "accelerated the pace of CSE content creation and distribution to a breaking point where manual detection, review, and investigations no longer scale" by allowing pornography and failing to invest in systems that could effectively monitor it.

The working group made several recommendations, but they were not taken up and the group was disbanded. As part of its efforts to monetize porn, Twitter held an internal investigation that reported in April , "Twitter cannot accurately detect child sexual exploitation and non-consensual nudity at scale.

John Doe et al vs. Twitter, a civil lawsuit filed in the 9th Circuit Court, alleges that Twitter benefited from sex trafficking and refused to remove the illegal tweets when first informed of them. A brand president at Cole Haan said, "We're horrified In May , The Wall Street Journal wrote that social networking services such as Twitter "elicit mixed feelings in the technology-savvy people who have been their early adopters. Fans say they are a good way to keep in touch with busy friends.

But some users are starting to feel too connected, as they grapple with check-in messages at odd hours, higher cellphone bills and the need to tell acquaintances to stop announcing what they're having for dinner. Dvorak described Twitter as "the new CB radio ". A practical use for Twitter's real-time functionality is as an effective de facto emergency communication system for breaking news. It was neither intended nor designed for high-performance communication, but the idea that it could be used for emergency communication was not lost on the creators, who knew that the service could have wide-reaching effects early on when the company used it to communicate during earthquakes.

Another practical use that is being studied is Twitter's ability to track epidemics and how they spread. Twitter has been adopted as a communication and learning tool in educational and research [] settings mostly in colleges and universities.

Twitter has been an increasingly growing in the field of education, as an effective tool that can be used to encourage learning and idea, or knowledge sharing, in and outside the classroom. A broad example of a hashtag used in education is "edchat", to communicate with other teachers, and people using that hashtag.

Once teachers find someone they want to talk to, they can either direct message the person, or narrow down the hashtag to make the topic of the conversation more specific using hashtags for scichat science , engchat English , sschat social studies. In a study, researchers found that young peoples use of Twitter helped to improve relationships with teachers, encourage interactive learning, and ultimately lead to high grades.

People found that sifting through large amounts of data is challenging, however, with the simple nature of Twitter large amount of information became easily accessible. This ultimately promotes growth and learning among students and educators, not just in the classroom, but virtually and around the world. Jonathan Zittrain , professor of Internet law at Harvard Law School , said that "the qualities that make Twitter seem inane and half-baked are what makes it so powerful.

The poets Mira Gonzalez and Tao Lin published a book titled Selected Tweets featuring selections of their tweets over some eight years. The book was designed to look like a small bible. During a February discussion on National Public Radio 's Weekend Edition , the journalist Daniel Schorr stated that Twitter accounts of events lacked rigorous fact-checking and other editorial improvements.

In response, Andy Carvin gave Schorr two examples of breaking news stories that played out on Twitter and said users wanted first-hand accounts and sometimes debunked stories. During the Summer Olympics opening ceremony , in which he appeared at the London Olympic Stadium in person, [] Sir Tim Berners-Lee , the founder of the World Wide Web, tweeted "This is for everyone", [] which was instantly spelled out in LCD lights attached to the chairs of the 80, people in the audience.

Many commentators have suggested that Twitter radically changed the format of reporting due to instant, short, and frequent communication. Reilly and Robinson Meyer, Twitter has an outsized impact on the public discourse and media. Writers in several outlets unintentionally cited the opinions of Russian Internet Research Agency -affiliated accounts. World leaders and their diplomats have taken note of Twitter's rapid expansion and have been increasingly utilizing Twitter diplomacy , the use of Twitter to engage with foreign publics and their own citizens.

McFaul has been attributed as a pioneer of international Twitter diplomacy. He used Twitter after becoming ambassador in , posting in English and Russian.

According to an analysis of accounts, the heads of state of countries and other leading politicians have Twitter accounts that have between them sent more than , tweets and have almost 52 million followers.

However, only 30 of these do their own tweeting, more than 80 do not subscribe to other politicians and many do not follow any accounts. As of October , more than twenty Roman Catholic cardinals managed active Twitter accounts, [] nine of whom were cardinal electors for the Papal conclave. As of April , his successor, Pope Francis , has Twitter is banned completely in Russia, [] Iran , China and North Korea, [] and has been intermittently blocked in numerous countries including Egypt, Iraq, Nigeria, Turkey, Venezuela and Turkmenistan on different bases.

In March , shortly after Russia's censorship of Twitter , a Tor Onion service link was created by the platform to allow people to access the website, even in countries with heavy Internet censorship.

Twitter removed more than 88, propaganda accounts linked to Saudi Arabia. At the start of the COVID pandemic, numerous tweets reported false medical information related to the pandemic. Twitter announced a new policy in which they would label tweets containing misinformation going forward. In November , then Chief Technology Officer and future CEO of Twitter Parag Agrawal , when asked by MIT Technology Review about balancing the protection of free speech as a core value and the endeavour to combat misinformation, said: "Our role is not to be bound by the First Amendment , but our role is to serve a healthy public conversation … focus less on thinking about free speech, but thinking about how the times have changed.

In November , however, Twitter stopped enforcing its policy on labeling tweets with misleading information about coronavirus. This came in the light of Elon Musk's acquisition of Twitter earlier that year. As part of its means to moderate misinformation, Twitter launched its crowd-sourced Birdwatch program in January Trusted users in the program will have the ability to monitor tweets and replies that may include misinformation and countermessages providing fact-checking as to have Twitter tag these messages appropriately from the Birdwatch community.

In November , Twitter announced an update to the Birdwatch moderation tool, meant to limit the visibility of contributors' identities by creating aliases for their accounts.

Twitter Inc. Taamneh , alongside Gonzalez v. Google , is currently pending before the United States Supreme Court during its — term. Both cases deal with Internet content providers and whether they are liable for terrorism-related information posted by their users.

In the case of Twitter v. Taamnah , the case asks if Twitter and other social media services are liable for user-generated terrorism content under the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of and are beyond their Section protections.

The lawsuit concerned Twitter's use of email addresses and phone numbers of Twitter users to target advertisements at them. The company also agreed to third-party audits of its data privacy program. On November 3, , on the eve of expected lay-offs, a group of Twitter employees based San Francisco and Cambridge filed a lawsuit in the U.

District Court in San Francisco. Naming five current or former workers as plaintiffs, the suit accused the company of violating federal and state laws that govern notice of employment termination. Twitter is used to make TV more interactive , with such use growing in popularity around In December , Twitter and Nielsen entered a multi-year agreement to produce social TV ratings, which are expected to be commercially available for the fall season as the Nielsen Twitter TV Rating.

In May , it launched Twitter Amplify —an advertising product for media and consumer brands. On launch, the concept was limited to NBCUniversal channels and Xfinity cable television subscribers. In an attempt to compete with Twitter's leadership in TV, Facebook introduced a number of features in to drive conversation about TV including hashtags, verified profiles and embeddable posts.

It also opened up new data visualization APIs for TV news and other media outlets, enabling them to search for a word and see a firehose of public posts that mention it as well as show how many people mentioned a word in both public and private posts during a set time frame, with a demographic breakdown of the age, gender, and location of these people.

Facebook struck the partnership to help marketers understand how people are using the social network to talk about topics such as TV. These acquisitions, as well as a partnership with research company Kantar which it had been working with to develop a suite of analytics tools for the British TV industry since August strengthened Twitter's dominance of the "second screen" — TV viewers using tablets and smartphones to share their TV experience on social media.

With the additional analytic tools, Twitter was able to improve the firm's offering to advertisers, allowing them to, for instance, only promote a tweet onto the timelines of users who were watching a certain programme.

By February , all four major U. TV networks had signed up to the Amplify program, bringing a variety of premium TV content onto the social platform in the form of in-tweet real-time video clips. In June , Twitter acquired its Amplify partner in the U.

As of 19 November [update] , the ten Twitter accounts with the most followers were:. A selfie orchestrated by 86th Academy Awards host Ellen DeGeneres during the March 2, , broadcast [] was at the time the most retweeted image ever. The resulting photo of twelve celebrities broke the previous retweet record within forty minutes, and was retweeted over 1.

A similar tweet he made in December was retweeted 3. There was a global peak of , tweets in one second, beating the previous record of 33, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American social networking service. This article is about the social networking service.

For the company which owns and operates it, see Twitter, Inc. For the animal behavior, see Bird vocalization. The default page shown to logged-out users. Java Ruby Scala JavaScript. Main article: History of Twitter. Further information: Acquisition of Twitter by Elon Musk. Main article: List of Twitter features. For more about hashtags, see Hashtag. Main article: Twitter trends. Main article: Twitter verification.

Main article: Twitter usage. This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. September See also: Black Twitter. News 3. Spam 3. Self-promotion 5. Pointless babble Conversational Pass-along value 8. See also: Deplatforming and Twitter suspensions. Main article: Twitter bot. This section may be too long and excessively detailed. Please consider summarizing the material while citing sources as needed.

May Main articles: Censorship of Twitter , Deplatforming , and Twitter suspensions. Main article: List of most-followed Twitter accounts. Main article: List of most-retweeted tweets. Retrieved February 4, — via Twitter.

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